The problem is not plastic itself but the way it is used and manage along its life cycle
Plastic is a synthetic organic polymer made from petroleum that provides many benefits to society. It is cheap, lightweight, strong and malleable which makes it a very useful material for a wide variety of applications. Plastic has become a ubiquitous part of our daily lives.
Plastic pollution has become the most widespread problem affecting the marine environment. Once released into our oceans, plastic does not biodegrade. It fragments into smaller particles, or 'microplastics' (< 5mm) or nanoplastics (< 1 mm) because of natural factors including UV radiation, wind and currents.
Plastic pollution is a global economic and health issue that contributes to climate change and threatens ocean health, food safety, food quality, human health and coastal tourism.